The work of a scientist consists in independent or collective research work. The result of each scientist’s research is presented to the scientific community so that colleagues can assess the quality of the research and use its results in the future.
In the scientific community, there are two forms of presenting the results of scientific research:
The qualification form for presenting research results allows a scientist to receive a document confirming the level of his scientific competence. In this case, the research is formalized in the form of a dissertation or a final qualifying work.
The text of the work is subject to the requirements prescribed in the instructions of the Higher Attestation Commission, the provisions of the academic councils and other documents. Experts, evaluating the main results of a researcher’s work, award him a master’s degree, candidate or doctor of science, and also confirm the passage of a certain stage of training.
The difference between these forms of information presentation lies in the fact that the research result is prepared for a speech to an audience, presentation or print. It is the scientific articles of the researcher that become available to a wide audience, and their qualifications, contribution to science are assessed by their quality, and the scientist’s rating is formed.
The main way of presenting information in scientific work is composing a text, while the text is written in a scientific language using professional terminology. The main requirements for the text of a scientific work are:
When writing text, it is important to use scientific writing style and vocabulary for the chosen subject area. For an article planned for publication in a journal from an international database (for example, Scopus or Web of Science), it is necessary to perform a professional scientific translation of terminology.
In science, it is customary to highlight the experience of previous generations of researchers, so each article should contain an overview of the research of predecessors and a list of literature used in the work.
For greater clarity, the results of experiments, experimental data and observations are best displayed graphically. Using graphs, charts, charts, histograms and tables, you can quickly evaluate and compare the required values. Graphic material should complement the text of the work, have consecutive numbering and a written explanation for each object.
When preparing a scientific article or dissertation, graphic material is often combined and drawn up into a separate application. Illustrative material for scientific work often forms the basis of a presentation for its defense.
The effect that the work will produce on its reader or listener (teacher, student, graduate student, reviewer, research institute employee, scientist, developer) largely depends on the formulation of the results of a scientific research. It must meet the following requirements:
The availability of the presentation of the material for persons who are potential users of the proposed ideas and methods.
It is advisable to avoid long sentences and complex phrases. Be sure to explain professional terms that the reader may not understand.
Only common abbreviations are allowed. If it is necessary to introduce specific abbreviations, they are deciphered by the author (researcher) in a special list.
In addition to publishing research papers, research results are often presented to the scientist’s colleagues and mentors, as well as to a wide range of stakeholders. The most common ways of presenting research findings are presentation, report, review, scientific review and report.
Also, the review is a critical analysis and assessment of a scientific work. The report is a tool that reflects the results of research activities and is intended for printing or reading in front of an audience. A scientific report usually contains a description of the research methodology, its result and conclusions to the theoretical and experimental part.
Besides, the most effective of the above is a presentation. The topic of the presentation should coincide with the research topic, and most of the material should be presented visually.
The formation of skills in the preparation of research results will help you in further education and scientific work, will allow you to gain recognition from colleagues and advance your career.