41) According to
Freud, which of the following was critical to overcoming psychological
42) In the
classical conditioning paradigm demonstrated by Pavlov through his study of the
physiology of dog digestion, what was the UCS?
43) In Pavlov’s
experiment with dogs, classical conditioning was demonstrated when
UCS elicited the CR.
UCS elicited the UCR.
CS elicited the CR.
CS was paired with the UCS.
44) John B.
Watson, the founder of behaviorism, maintained that
was an instinctive and unlearned response in children.
behaviors were learned through exposure to the environment.
thoughts were acceptable behaviors for scientific study.
was conditioned through operant reinforcement.
45) If a
psychologist defines herself as a “scientist-practitioner,” what do we
automatically know about her through this label?
is focused on pure research and practices sound methodological principles.
B) She relies on the latest research findings in
providing quality care and treatment to patients.
C) She takes a behavioral approach, only trying
to change dysfunctional behaviors that are observable.
D) She is not focused on the etiology of a
disorder but on a research-based treatment approach.
release neurotransmitters into synapses. These neurotransmitters
on the receptor site of the next neuron, causing it to fire.
further messages from being sent to the next neuron.
on an axon, causing it to fire and send an electrical impulse.